A healthy diet to combat kidney disease and boost the immune system
Dr. Muhammad Hafez Ibrahim
The research of Dr. Antonina Starodubova, chief nutritionist at the Ministry of Health in Moscow, showed that the diet of people suffering from kidney disease should be balanced and varied to strengthen the immune system .
Dr. Antonina Starodubova said that patients with kidney disease should eat 5-6 small meals of varied content per day . Fresh natural nutrition plays an important role in maintaining health and preventing the development of various chronic diseases. With the help of nutrition, it is possible to influence some of the risk factors for the development of chronic kidney disease, including obesity and related diseases, namely type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, purine metabolism disorders, phosphorous and calcium metabolism disorders.
Dr. Antonina Starodubova also indicated that the system should be The diet is varied and balanced in terms of the content of essential nutrients from fresh vegetables, fruits and whole grains, and in certain cases proteins can be restricted. Non-fat meat and poultry without the skin should be used as sources of protein, preferably boiled with herbs, fat-free dairy products, boiled eggs and limited fish. Protein intake is determined by the level of renal function deterioration. If necessary, the traditional protein foods in the diet are very limited and are replaced by special products of therapeutic nutrition on a case-by-case basis.
Dr. Antonina Starodubova points out the need to reduce salt consumption so that the amount does not exceed five grams per day, and it is better to give up salt or reduce it as much as possible to only two grams per day. You should also avoid eating pickles, smoked meats and preserved canned foods. Mint, fennel, cumin and cinnamon can be added to food to improve its taste..
Dr. Antonina Starodubova also explained that the amount of calories in the diet should correspond to the body’s energy expenditure. But there is no need to overeat or hungry, but it is necessary to eat a small amount of food and divide it from five to six times a day. It is best to avoid eating bloating foods such as radishes, legumes, and others. Kidney patients should also reduce as much as possible the intake of various foodstuffs rich in potassium .
Dr. Antonina Starodubova points out the necessity of eating fruits and vegetables daily because they are an important source of vitamins, minerals and dietary fibers such as potatoes, carrots, beets, zucchini, broccoli, pumpkin, cucumbers, apples, pears, oranges and fruits Other . And she adds, the high content of phosphates in foodstuffs in case of kidney disease can lead to the development of bone disease and heart disease. and blood vessels.
Dr. Antonina Starodubova says that foods that are high in phosphates are hard and processed cheeses, liver, kidneys, sardines, nuts and seeds, yeast, and egg yolks. Where phosphate is used in canning vegetables and preserved fruits, in sweetened soft drinks, in condensed milk, and in sausages and sauces .
Dr. Antonina Starodubova adds that to maintain the health of the kidneys, you must abstain or reduce the intake of meat, fish, mushroom broths, sauces, spices, hot spices and everything that irritates The kidneys and excites the central nervous system and the heart and blood vessels, such as coffee, concentrated tea, cocoa, chocolate, carbonated water and alcohol, and the amount of fluids that can be taken per day must be adhered to and drink water before feeling thirsty .
The research of Dr. Natalia Kruglova, a Russian nutritionist, confirmed that The elements of the Mediterranean diet help to strengthen the body’s immune system . Dr. Natalia Kruglova points out that strengthening the immune system reduces the risk of chronic diseases, especially kidney diseases, diabetes, pressure and heart, so elements of the Mediterranean diet should be added to the diet. J Diet .
Dr. Natalia Kruglova adds that such a diet consists mainly and first of all of plant-based foodstuffs, fatty fish, seafood and poultry without the skin, which is the main source of protein in it . As plant foods are rich in ascorbic acid and antioxidants, as well as zinc, which is necessary for the functioning of the immune system, and fatty fish and seafood are an indispensable source of omega-3 acids. Fatty acids to prevent vascular disease and heart disease. And that all this is very important to reduce infections, especially during the period of the spread of viral and bacterial diseases infectious .