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Advantages and disadvantages of wheat grain gluten and oat grain beta-glucan

Dr. Muhammad Hafez Ibrahim

The British National Health Authority stated that there are some people who promote the use of a gluten-free diet for weight loss purposes, and that it improves digestion and enhances energy levels. But the scientific evidence did not support that gluten can be used to reduce weight. As gluten is a protein found in grains such as wheat and barley, and it may cause inflammation and damage to the intestines of people with celiac disease due to the sensitivity of gluten in some people. For those with a gluten sensitivity, it can cause symptoms such as bloating, gas, and diarrhea. The gluten-free diet is the only treatment for these cases, but in general gluten does not pose any danger and there is no reason to avoid it.

The researchers at the British National Health Authority indicated that there is no evidence that Gluten-free diets can provide no significant health benefits for those who do not have problems digesting gluten. And the sources of gluten include grains such as wheat and barley, in addition to its derivatives such as yeast and wheat starch. Therefore, people with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity need to avoid many common food items, including pasta, white bread, baked goods, and breakfast cereals. Gluten is also commonly found in sauces and condiments, especially soy sauce and malt vinegar, and is also used by food manufacturers as an additive or filler. It’s expensive and hard to come by, and a typical gluten-free diet usually consists of whole foods that are naturally gluten-free, including fruits, vegetables, and gluten-free grains such as brown rice, quinoa, millet, and oats. Eliminating foods high in simple carbohydrates and replacing them with low-processed, high-fiber foods can help promote weight loss and a sense of well-being. Evidence suggests that celiac patients who switch to a gluten-free diet may find that they lose weight more easily.

Dr Sophie Midlin, consultant nutritionist at the NHS, said what usually happens if someone avoids Gluten is that it limits carbohydrates and thus may end up losing weight, and that it is not related to gluten but rather due to the restricted diet that leads to weight loss. Research studies show mixed results, with several studies finding that cutting out gluten can actually contribute to weight gain. A gluten-free diet caused weight gain, and 15% of patients who were already overweight gained more weight despite cutting out gluten.

A similar study from the American Gastroenterology Association showed that 81% of celiac patients gain weight after two years of following a gluten-free diet, and the results are contradictory, as researchers discovered in the authority study The European Institute of Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology states that not eating gluten may have a beneficial effect on BMI, both for underweight and obese individuals. Another study concluded that a gluten-free diet can increase fat-burning capabilities as well as reduce insulin resistance and inflammation within adipose tissue. The digestive system was overweight and did not have a good understanding of healthy nutrition. The gluten in baked products adds a healthy taste and other sensory effects to gluten. Many gluten-free products can be enriched with less healthy ingredients. Dr. Sophie Medlin says that food manufacturers have to add more fat, sugar, and other additives to make the food taste pleasant and appear as if it contains gluten, explaining that the gluten-free food is not related in any way to being more healthy.

Doctors are concerned that gluten-free diets could lead to potential deficiencies in other nutrients. The main concern, Dr. Wasserman says, is how one recovers the major complex carbohydrate sources that are eliminated from one’s meals. And some gluten-free diets can cause deprivation of a group of B vitamins, fiber, folic acid, calcium and iron found in carbohydrates. In intake of protein, magnesium, potassium, vitamin E, folate and sodium. Therefore, Dr. Sophie Medline advises that if a person does not suffer from celiac disease or gluten sensitivity, then he should not completely abstain from eating gluten with wheat and barley grains.

The research of the US Food and Drug Administration showed the health benefits of oats . Oatmeal is rich in healthy fats, vegetable proteins and natural fibers, and it is easy to digest and good for health. It is recommended for all people, especially the elderly. It is easy to digest. Other health benefits of oats are:

= Oats for heart health: It is rich in carbohydrates, proteins, iron and fiber, and contains vitamins B1, E, B2, A and many antioxidants. It enhances the immune system, reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, and regulates blood sugar. Bowel Emptying.

= Oatmeal for Stress and Nervousness: The B vitamins found in oats are known to be a winning combination against mood disorders such as anxiety and depression as well as any imbalance in the central nervous system.

= Oats Treat Gluten Sensitivity: Although oats are not completely gluten-free, as they do not contain gliadin, they do not pose any problem for those with gluten intolerance.

= Oats to fight anemia: A cup of oats contains % of the iron we need every day. And that anemia is usually caused by a deficiency of iron and vitamin B 12. From here, oats rich in these nutrients with lentils and chocolate can help prevent anemia.

= Oat milk to lose weight: Because it is naturally low in sugar, it contains Less than 41 kcal / 81 ml, it is rich in soluble fiber and is an appetite regulator and ideal for people who follow a healthy diet.

= Oatmeal to improve digestion: It is easy to digest and oatmeal does not contain lactose, is low in saturated fatty acids, and helps stimulate digestion.

= Improves skin: it is considered Oatmeal is an ideal material for treating various inflammatory conditions of the skin, such as irritation and eczema. It also helps to gain healthy skin thanks to its contents of vitamins, minerals and nutrients. Zinc cleanses the skin and removes toxins and harmful compounds. It also plays a role in narrowing pores. Iron is one of the most important elements in nourishing and moisturizing skin cells, while manganese combats swelling and inflammation, and promotes skin recovery after cuts, bruises and burns. As for magnesium, it maintains a normal rate of blood circulation and regeneration of skin cells.

= Contains proteins for muscles: One meal, about 8 tablespoons of oatmeal, can give the body percent of the recommended daily intake of protein, vitamin E, antioxidants and glutamine, which help regenerate muscle fibers.

= High levels of antioxidants: Oats are rich in antioxidants, and the substance (afanthramides) useful in cases of itching, inflammation and blood pressure. Oatmeal also contains beta-glucan, which lowers blood sugar if its effect is enhanced by adding oranges with vitamin C.

= Feeling of energy and vitality: Oatmeal provides more energy to the body, thanks to its carbohydrate content. Experts recommend consuming oatmeal for its ability to feel full for a longer period.

= Reducing excess weight: Consuming oatmeal daily helps improve metabolism, thus accelerating weight loss. Eating a breakfast rich in oats prevents us from exceeding the required calories, and the slow carbohydrates in oats allow regulating appetite and maintaining normal blood sugar levels. It does not speed up the metabolism, prevents overeating, and reduces the accumulation of fats and toxins in the body. cholesterol level in the body. The linoleic acid and soluble fiber found in oatmeal help lower the level of triglycerides and bad cholesterol in the blood and prevent the development of serious diseases, such as atherosclerosis, heart attack and stroke.

= Reduced risk of infection Heart disease: The good healthy fats in oatmeal contribute to its support for heart cells and the circulatory system. Thanks to the abundant antioxidants in oatmeal, the chances of damage to the walls of blood vessels are reduced.

= Eliminate Digestive Problems: FDA experts recommend eating fiber-rich foods every day because they are beneficial For good digestion. A small serving of oats contains 15% of the recommended daily fiber intake. That is why oatmeal is ideal for daily breakfast, and its fiber helps maintain smooth bowel function and protects against stress.