Serious effect of poor diet on diabetics and resistance to food and exercise

Dr. Mohammad Hafez Ibrahim

Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian, cardiologist and nutrition professor at Tavis University in Massachusetts, explained The number of people with diabetes has increased from about 95 million to more than 400 million globally, with Similar rise in associated health problems over the past 40 years. This major health problem is getting worse year after year, so researchers are looking into the underlying diseases behind this trend. Where it is possible that one of these problems is the diet, so the study was conducted on type 2 diabetes, which represents 95% of the total cases globally. According to statistics from the World Health Organization and Science Alert. The researchers analyzed data from 184 countries and pulled statistics from US health databases, previous studies, and population demographic records. The team found that a poor diet can account for up to 14 1 million cases of diabetes out of Type II annually identified in

, accounting for approximately 60% of diagnoses new worldwide.

Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian stated that he is among 11 Of the various nutritional factors that were considered, three were found to be the most important being not enough whole grains, and eating too much rice. white and refined wheat, and plenty of fatty, processed and refined meats. Other factors, such as not eating enough nuts or non-starchy vegetables, have a lesser effect. Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian, a professor at Takis University, said the study indicates that globally, poor quality carbohydrates are the main driver of diet-attributable type 2 diabetes, with significant variation by country and over time. 2018 The researchers found that poor diet was more clearly associated with diabetes in men than in women, and it seemed to have a greater impact on young people compared to the elderly, and urban rather than rural areas.

Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia were the regions that were linked to the most cases of type 2 diabetes. The second is due to diet and possibly due to the prevalence of fatty red meat and processed and preserved meat in the diet. The numbers were high in Latin America and the Caribbean as well. “These new findings reveal important areas of national and global focus on improving natural nutrition to reduce the devastating burden of diabetes,” said Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian. All 184 countries included in the research experienced a rise in the incidence of diabetes during the study period, which indicates that this is a global problem as few countries have succeeded in reducing diabetes. The high incidence of diabetes among its population. The researchers suggest that different approaches from a greater focus on eating a healthy diet and improving nutrition labels on food will be required in different countries to start to bring about a reduction in diabetes.

While previous studies have linked less healthy diets to more cases of diabetes, this It is the strongest association to date, and the highest percentage of cases. Without serious health intervention, the problem will only get worse. And Dr. Megan O’Hearn, a nutritional epidemiologist, of the Food Systems Association at the Institute for the Future in Illinois, USA, says that if left unchecked, the incidence of type 2 diabetes can be expected to rise, and it will continue to affect the health of the global population, economic productivity and the capabilities of the health care system. , and will lead to health inequality around the world. These findings can help define nutritional priorities for clinicians, policy makers and health sector actors as they encourage healthy food choices in response to this global pandemic.

The American Mayo Clinic stated that a poor diet is the main enemy of type 2 diabetes, which It is accompanied by health problems such as obesity and cardiovascular disease. Where The number of people with diabetes has risen around the world over the decades to more than one billion, which is accompanied by health problems from chronic diseases . Where researchers were able to identify one of the causes of type 2 diabetes in that a bad diet is the main cause of this type of diabetes . Diabetes of the second type is considered a disease that affects the way the body follows in regulating the movement of glucose and using it to provide the body with energy, as it mixes with a large amount in the blood and leads to high levels that cause disorders in the blood circulation And the nervous and immune system, according to the American Mayo Clinic.

The American Mayo Clinic stated that there are two problems when developing type 2 diabetes. The first is the inability of the pancreas to secrete a sufficient amount of insulin, which is the hormone responsible for regulating the movement of sugar into the cells, and the second is that the cells do not respond to the insulin hormone properly, and for this reason they absorb a small amount of sugar and it remains in the blood This type of diabetes usually appears in adults, children or adolescents, especially those with obesity.. The researchers tracked various nutritional factors, which were found to be the most important and associated with not eating whole grains, eating a lot of white rice and refined wheat, eating a lot of fatty preserved and processed meats, and poor quality carbohydrates, which are the main driver of diabetes .

Mayo Clinic data showed that a poor diet is associated Diabetes cases in men more than in women, and it seems to have had a greater impact on young people compared to the elderly . At the international and geographical level, countries were Europe and Asia are most associated with diabetes, perhaps due to the prevalence of processed red meat in the diet, and the numbers were also high in Latin America and the Caribbean . (The Mayo Clinic confirms that there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, but losing weight, eating fresh healthy foods, and exercising can help control it. And if a healthy diet and exercise aren’t enough, you may also need diabetes medications or emergency insulin therapy..

The US Food and Drug Administration clarified the advantages of carbohydrates for energy. Carbohydrates are one of the most consumed nutrients and get a lot of attention. It may come as a surprise to learn that carbohydrates can help or hurt our diets depending on how we eat them. Carbohydrates come in three forms: starches, sugars, and fiber. Starches are complete carbohydrates. Refined sugar can be inherent or added to foods, and fiber is an indigestible carbohydrate. The right balance of these carbohydrates can lead to desirable health outcomes, including preventing or managing chronic conditions such as obesity and heart disease:

= Carbohydrates do not cause diabetes : Diabetes is caused by damage to the pancreas in type 1 diabetes or insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. Eating too many carbohydrates does not trigger this response, but lifestyle factors such as being overweight, obese, or genetic predisposition May increase the risk of developing diabetes.

= Carbohydrates Provide Energy : Carbohydrates are the body’s preferred fuel source and the only fuel source for the brain when fed or fasted. They are the easiest and most efficient nutrient to fuel our bodies to do everything from breathing and thinking to Running, dancing, and eating enough carbohydrates throughout the day is key to endurance.

= Carbs from Bread Are Not All Equal : When planning grain choices such as Bread and similar foods, including muffins, muffins, and bagels, should choose whole grains. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends eating foods that contain whole grains, including brown rice, quinoa, whole-wheat pasta, and whole-grain bread.

= Fruits and vegetables contain carbohydrates: The two main food groups that most people should strive to increase as they happen to have a large amount of carbohydrates in their nutritional makeup, is recommended by nutritionists to consume fruits and vegetables consistently in a healthy diet. One large apple contains about grams of carbohydrates 28 milligrams of sugar, while one large tomato contains about seven grams of carbohydrates and five milligrams of sugar.

= Fiber Carbs: Fiber provides benefits to human health such as satiety, blood sugar regulation, blood cholesterol management, protection against cancer, bowel regularity, and that more than 95% of women and 150 % of men do not meet the fiber recommendations for adults which range from 30-34 grams per day depending on age and sex High-fiber carbohydrates include lentils, pears, and chickpeas.

= Half of the calories should come from COMPLETE CARBS: A person consuming 2000 calories should eat between 400 to 2018 calories or 184 to 184 grams, respectively, each day in the form of Carbs This may sound high but remember that carbohydrates are found in every food group, including fruits like bananas, vegetables like potatoes, grains like rice, protein like beans, and dairy products like yogurt.

Dr. Richard Blagrove, Lecturer in Physiology at Loughborough University in France, explained that running for 30 A minute a day has benefits that may change a person’s life. Where running is considered one of the most common types of sports, it is an easy-to-apply sport, anyone can practice it anywhere, and it has many benefits . (Not only does running help improve cardiovascular health, burn calories and boost blood circulation, but it can also improve mental health. Running for 30 Just a minute a day to improve general health from strengthening bones to enhancing psychological state as follows:

= Burn Calories: Exercising is great for human health and running can make you sweat a lot, even if you keep to a slow pace, You will still burn calories . and you can burn between 184 to Calories by running for 25 minutes only according to weight and height .

= Strengthen bones: says Dr. Richard Blagrove, Lecturer in Physiology at Loughborough University Continuous running for a period of 25 minutes per day is a relatively low stimulus for the neuromuscular system compared to other types of activity such as intense resistance training. So running has strength gains that are small at best. This does not mean that jogging daily will not lead to any gains, especially if you start right away. and that individuals who had never run before and who started running most days of the week would see small improvements in strength in the first few weeks.

= Improve cardiovascular health: A study by the American College of Cardiology found that running even from 5 to minutes a day at slow speeds, such as 6 mph, is associated with a significantly lower risk of death from all causes and from cardiovascular disease. A study from the Health Hypertension found that A minute of moderate exercise during the day helps lower blood pressure in overweight elderly people.

= Better Mental Health: Study from the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health Shows Running for 14 minutes can improve mood . Dr. Claire Stephenson, a lecturer in the behavioral aspects of physical activity and health at Loughborough University, says that regular running leads to an improvement in mental health outcomes in healthy adults and those with mental illness.

= Weight Loss: Many people struggle to maintain their weight, as well as follow Healthy Diet Moderate exercise, such as running, can be an effective way to maintain weight. A study conducted by the University of Copenhagen in Denmark showed that minutes of daily training results in the same amount of body mass loss as training for Minutes per day.

= Better sleep: A British Sports Medicine study revealed that 60 minutes of running or A minute of walking each week eliminates the consequences that lack of sleep can have on mortality. Researchers believe the British Association for Sports Medicine that the reason for this is that moderate aerobic exercise increases the amount of deep sleep and this is a basic process that helps the body and mind to regenerate, as the Johns Hopkins British Sleep Center explains, which would explain the range of health benefits .